Brihadeeswarar Temple World Heritage Site in Tamil Nadu

Tanjore and Thanjavur is a famous for its rice growth ability because of that this district is also known as “Rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu”, and is also home for many historical temples featuring architectural beauty. Brihadeeswarar temple is one of them, witnessing the glorious reign of Chola Empire. This temple is included in the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Site. This temple was built by King Rajaraja Chola of Chola Empire, in 11th Century.

Brihadeeswara Temple

Brihadeeswara Temple

This temple is a greatest architectural achievement of Chola Era. This temple is the first building which is made with the granite and completed within just 5 years. This temple features big Nandi weighing 20 tone which is made with a single stone. This beautiful temple is dedicated to lord Shiva features the lingam of 3.7m in height. This temple is also well known as the largest temple amongst all Hindu temples in India. It said that this temple gives employment to 1000 workers and 400 dances, including staff of temple.

The Kumbam which was placed on the top of the temple never casts shadow on the ground. It is also believed that the Kumbam is weighing 60 ton and was carved with a single rock of granite. The building of this temple has a compound which is made with the walls measuring 270 X 140 Meter. This temple also features murals depicting various Mudras (actions) performed by lord Shiva. Temple also portray the various mythological episodes of the journey of Saint Sundarar and the Chera King, there is also some battle scenes are depicted of Tripurantaka (Lord Siva) with Asuras (demons). The Chola artists also portrays the beauty, even the Asura womens has sense of beauty.

Best Time to Visit

You can visit this temple at any time of the year, but keeping in mind the weather condition in Tamil Nadu October to March is the best time. In this period of time the temperature over here is relatively low and which can make you trip enjoyable. During the month of June to September the climate changes drastically and become very humid which cannot suits many tourists.

How to Reach

Tanjavur is well connected with the narrow gauge railway line, which offers trains from most pars of the country, you can get direct trains from Allahabad, Madurai, Ernakulam, Coimbatore, Mysore and Jabalpur.

The closest airport from Thanjavur is in Tiruchirappalli, this is an international airport.

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Rishikesh: Abode of Yoga and Tapasya

The Gateway to the Himalayas, the Char Dham Yatra i.e. The Four Sacred Journey of Hindus ideally begins from Rishikesh. Rishikesh is a small pilgrimage town, 1745 ft above the sea level, in North India in state of Uttarakhand. Rishikesh has eternal beauty, imperial and divine and enhancing this place are temples, ashrams and saints where they do “Tapasya” and meditate which gives celestial aura to this small town. The place is mesmerized and blessed by the sacred river Ganges; it is where it comes down and then enters the northern plains. The place of natural splendor and spectacle of the River Ganges rushing through the Himalayan foothills is breathtaking and awesome sight.

Rishikesh City

The temples dotting the bank and sacred rituals are being carried out on banks, its divine site. The place is mentioned in Veda’s, the name Rishikesh is another name of Lord Vishnu, according to mythology of Hindus, Lord Vishnu vanquished demon Madhu here. The great saints and yogis are believed to practice penance and have done austerities here. There is a scared Lakshman Jhula which is a bridge built on River Ganges for crossing, but it has mythology story attached of Lakshmana crossing it with jute rope and has carried out penance here. Also Ram Jhula another bridge has been made for crossing purpose by Rishikesh people.

For you to visit Rishikesh there are number of bus and train services offered. And in Rishikesh you can take Auto-Rickshaws for traveling around. Rishikesh timeless enigma could be felt in number of places that you must visit in your journey of divine abode:

  • Lakshmana Jhula
  • Gita Bhavan
  • Lakshman mandir and Bharata Mandir
  • Neelkanth Mahadev Mandir
  • Trimbakeshwar Temple
  • Triveni Ghat (for ritual Bathing)
  • Parmarth Niketan- Ashram where you can get knowledge or Gyaan of Vedas Education and see the spectacular Aarti/Pooja

Swargashram

The name means Heavenly Abode, and justifying the name, it is a beautiful place in the picturesque location at the foot of Himalayas with River Ganges in west bestowing it, “ground zero” or the Spiritual domicile of Rishikesh which is concentration of ashrams and temples. The life here is simple, healthy and divine, a satwik environment. Rishikesh is the holy city blessed by many holy sages. The place has reverberating with the chants of Hare Rama Hare Krishna.

The Ganga allures the people for its healing bath, and Rishikesh is said to be place where the austerities will get you closer to salvation than any other place. The river is abounds in fish because of offerings of puffed rice are made to these creatures by the people in going good deeds and also eating of other creature is banned and no where you will find non-vegetarian food. There is freshness in the air, and rhythm of flowing water, the charming beauty of the region and the distant sound of bell chimes create an extraordinary memorable experience for those visiting this ancient pilgrimage town.

The place is known as World Capital of Yoga, with such serene, tranquil, calm and peaceful environment and all satwik food, it is an idyllic place to practice the Yoga a key to good health and long life and also the best stress buster. India has got tremendous amount of traditional Knowledge of Yoga and Pranayam and Ayurvedic along with its Vedic knowledge. All this clubbed together with give you a wholesome spiritual, mental and physical growth. Though the stress is unavoidable in this materialistic life that we humans lead, it has caused damaged to out wellbeing in physical and mental health. We sustain chronic and incurable disease, stressful life, restlessness, anxiety, fatigue, fast ageing and frustrations in our day to day life. We experience burnout and thus we have an extreme need to practice these yoga and meditation which will add discipline and balance to our chaotic lives. Yoga gives us the power to heal, and live life in optimism and dynamism. Rishikesh is best place in world for it has the perfect setting to do yoga and the experts of this practice are found here in numbers which teach you the skills, practice and art of yoga. Doing yoga in fresh air of mountains will detoxify you and set your nerves calm and meditating on the bank of Ganges will give your mind, body and spirit the peace and tranquility. There are numerous practices of yoga and all forms and styles are represented here. Major yoga centers are:

  • Braham Yoga centre
  • Yoga Iyengar Courses
  • Yogi Prakash Dabhekar
  • Tattvaa Yogashala
  • The Yoga Study Centre
  • Yoga Niketan Ashram

Rishikesh hosts an International Yoga Festival, which is held every year in the first week of February. All the Beatles fans must know about the eternal beauty of Rishikesh. In February 1968, The Beatles had come to India to visit the now-closed Maharishi Mahesh Yogis ashram which is now over taken by weeds and forest. The place inspired the Beatles to compose nearly 48 songs during their time of stay at the Maharishis ashram, amongst those composed songs many of them appear on their White Album. John Lennon has also recorded a song here, titled, The Happy Rishikesh Song. Many other artists, including Mike Love of The Beach Boys, Gyp Mills and Donovan have visited the Rishikesh to contemplate and meditate.

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Ayurvedic Centre in the Niketan Ashram sells Ayurvedic health products. Here they also organise classes in learning of basic Ayurveda medicine, herbs, potions and practises if there are number of students.

Rishikesh valley is an eco health resort, with a service of naturopath and Ayurveda health consultant with rejuvenating therapies which is blend of Ayurveda and natural care with healthy Food. Also calming and relaxing therapies of yoga and passive meditation.

In Rishikesh you can also buy an overabundance of religious paraphernalia, bronze Shiva statues and of other deities.

Rishikesh is the holy land and with the grandeur of scenic beauties of mountains and river Ganges. The place is ideal for getting yourself to learn yoga and medicinal practice of Ayurveda. The blessings of the sages and vibes of saints practicing austerities penance and tapasya the place will leave the visitors heart with calm and fulfilling experience of peace.

Trekking Destinations in Garhwal Himalaya

Over 20 Of The Most Scenic And Awe-Inspiring Trekking Trails In The World

Himalayas of Uttarakhand are on the Nature’s utmost arresting and awesome gifts to the mankind which is covered with beautiful and ravishing white blankets of snow. It is a land sanctified with glistening glaciers, snowy peaks, rolling-meadows, jagged rock faces, gushing cascades, thick woods, and hospitable people with sumptuous cultural values. The most frequently visited region of Himalayas is Garhwal which is situated between the Punjab to the West and the Nepal Himalayas to the East and it is the best place to enjoy the pleasure of mountaineering, trekking, and rock climbing. You can also visit the holy temples of Gangotri, Kedarnath, Badrinath, and Yamunotri. There is a strong belief that on bathing in front of these temples and viewing the holy shrines can wash off all your sins of life. Therefore, you can add spiritual values to your trekking tour to this area.

Some Popular Treks:

1- Gaumukh Trek: The Source of the Holy Ganges
Places Covered: Gangotri – Bhojvasa – Gaumukh – Tapovan
Duration: 6 Days

Gaumukh Trek

The holy Ganges originates from the huge glaciers, Kedarnath and Badrinath, of the gargantuan peaks of Shivling which is the Matterhorn of India and it starts her voyage to the sea. You will often encounter with the Hindu pilgrims and holy men like Sadhus in their saffron grab and matted hair. Most of the people all around the India visit to this sacred place one in their life.

2- Kuari Pass
Places Covered: Auli – Gorson – Tapovan – Kuari Pass – Ghat
Duration: 5 Days

Kuari Pass Trek

The trek over the Kuari Pass is located on the outer edge of Nanda Devi Sanctuary which is described beautifully by Eric Shipton in his book “A Vision of Such Beauty Is worth a World of Striving”. It was popularized by Lord Curzon when he was the British Viceroy of India. It acts as a substitute of the legendary trek that passes through the Rishi Gorge to the Inner Sanctuary as it is closed to all the trekkers and climbers due to the ecological reasons. Along with the fun of trekking and rock climbing, you can feel the closeness of nature by viewing the beautifulness of the peaks in and around Nanda Devi Sanctuary.

3- Valley of Flowers & Hemkund Sahib
Places Covered: Joshimath – Govind Ghat – Ghangria – Valley Of Flowers – Hemkund -Joshimath
Duration: 10 Days

Valley of Flowers Trek

The Valley of Flowers was discovered by a British mountaineer and botanist in 1931, when he lost his way and found this luxuriant valley of wildflowers. Therefore, he named it as the Valley Of Flowers. On your visit at efflorescent time that is between July to September, you can enjoy the pleasure of viewing more than thousands varieties of ferns, herbs, and the appealing flowers blooming in this thriving Valley of Flowers.

4- Roopkund – (The Mystery Lake)

Rupkund Trek

Places Covered: Gwaldam – Deval – Wan – Bedni – Baguabasa – Rupkund
Duration: 9 Days

Adventurous people are always on the lookout for some exciting route to trek upon. Those who wish to trek to the skeleton lake make their first move towards Lohajung. The destination is accessible by road. Next step is to climb over the hillock of Wan. At Ran Ki Dhar one can camp during night. Bedni Bugyal is the next stop. This place is like a pasture land. One can visit the two temples which are in the vicinity. A small lake can also be seen here. From here one goes uphill to Bhaguwabasa. Last stop is Roopkund.

5- Khatling Glacier

Khatling Glacier Trek

Places Covered: Ghuttu – Gangi – Reeh – Bhelbagi – Khatling Glacier
Duration: 9 Days

6- Kedartal Trek

Kedarnath Trek

Places Covered: Gangotri – Seema Kharakh – Kedartal
Duration: 6 Days

Famous Holiday Destinations in North India

North India is enthralling destinations here are many exotic destinations to explore. Great Himalaya is main destinations for every travel who want visit North India, Rajasthan is another hot destination, and Delhi is a historical city. Here is detailed information about North India great places.

Historical Delhi

Historical Delhi

Scoff aside all that you hear about the ‘Switzerland of India’ and book your tickets for Kashmir. While the rest of India is reporting rising levels of mercury, snow greets you in Gulmarg, even at this time of the year. Kashmir is every poet’s object of love, every traveller’s dream. Visit the sprawling apple orchards, picturesque Cheshmashahi Gardens or the tranquil Dal Lake. Stay like a prince in the house boats, take a ride across the valleys in ropeways suspended in almost thin air!

Vaishno Devi Temple

Vaishno Devi Temple

If you have time, you may visit the holy shrine of Mata Vaishno Devi in Jammu. The journey may be difficult, but the view on the way is breathtaking. You may take a ride on the helicopter service if you wish.

The Himalayan Range borders the northern edge of India like a fortress. The significance of this mountainous range is reflected in our mythology, climatology and much more. Many a popular tourist destination, trekker’s paradise, family getaways, architectural hubs are scattered all across.

zanskar valley leh

Zanskar Valley Leh

Visit Leh and Ladakh for an experience of a lifetime. You would literally be on top of the world, because Leh is the highest habitation in India. The road gets choked due to snow, so you must make the most of it while the access to this paradise is still available. You may love to ride to Leh or Ladakh on your bike, but your bike is a powerful one.

A popular hill station that comes to one’s mind when Himachal Pradesh is mentioned is Shimla. As one tells you how beautiful the city had been once upon a time, you may have heard that too much tourist influx has resulted in rapid development and the views are lost. Well, don’t go by these rumours. Being the state capital, Shimla is indeed an activity centre, but it is a wonderful place to visit as well. During the British Rule, the capital was shifted here during the summers. Today the Hon’ble President of India visits Shimla once every year for a break from her responsibilities.

Khajjiar, Dalhousie

Khajjiar, Himachal

There are number of tourist destinations around Shimla, the latest addition to which is the 108 feet high statue of Lord Hanuman at Jakhoo temple. Inaugurated in 2010, the statue faces the town below and can be seen from anywhere around.

Amritsar is famous for the beautiful Golden Temple, the holy gurudwara of the Sikhs. The shrine sprawls over a large area, and has a huge water tank in the middle of it. In the centre stands the grand golden structure. The serenity of the view sooths your psyche, and the religious part of your soul receives a strong impetus. You may take a dip in the holy waters, but be careful of the large goldfish that swim around freely. The complex is impeccably clean, and common man is encouraged to participate in the daily functions of the Gurudwara.

wagah border amritsar

Wagah Border Amritsar

At a stone’s throw away distance is Jalianwala Bagh, a historical site where a massacre hand taken place during the pre-independence days.

Best time to visit the Char Dham

Char Dham of Uttarakhand

Move eastward along the Himalayas and you would come across Uttarakhand, a state that was carved out of Uttar Pradesh only a few years back. Many hill stations are speckled across the city, the most famous of them being Mussoorie and Dehradun. The ropeways across the valley are exciting attractions for the children. Mussoorie is a hill station very similar to Shimla, but it has an air of tranquility around it. Visit the mighty Kempty Falls down the hill, which is one of the largest waterfalls in this region. Another destination that is gradually gaining tourist footfalls is Lansdowne. A serene town, it’s ideal to recharge your batteries here. Uttarakhand also known for its famous spiritual destination such as Haridwar, Rishikesh, Panch Kedar, Panch Badri, Jageshwar, Kainchi Dham, Panch Prayag & Chardham Yatra (four abodes of God).

Historical Rajasthan

Historical Rajasthan

If you can endure scorching heat during the daytime and cold nights, delve into Rajasthan. This state is famous for its architects, historical sites, forts, palaces, and beautiful cities like Jaipur, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer,  Ajmer, Barmer etc. Hill stations such as Mount Abu, temples like Dilwara Temple have continued luring travelers from across the globe along with its rich tradition and culture.

There’s much more to see in North India. The frontrunner is Taj Mahal in Agra, which features as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Mythology laden towns of Mathura, Vrindavan, Varanasi and Allahabad are prime attractions of Uttar Pradesh. Last but not the least, this coverage on North India would be incomplete without a special mention of the national capital, Delhi. Historical monuments are scattered all over this megalopolis, which stands in quiet testimony of the grandeur of the Mughal Rule.

Chamoli Garhwal District – Chamoli Travel Guide

The Chamoli district is well known for its beauty in all over the India and world as well. Chamoli district is one of the 13 districts of Uttarakhand and has its district headquarter in Gopeshwar. IT is surrounded by beautiful hills as Tibet in north, Almora in south, Rudraprayag in west, Pithoragarh and Bageshwar in east.

Chamoli Garhwal

Chamoli Garhwal

Chamoli is also known for various pilgrimages of Uttarakhand as Badrinath and Henkund Sahib many other holiest places are here. Not only pilgrimages but Chamoli have full of tourist places like Auli and Velly of flowers.

History of Chamoli District

The history of Chamoli district is very old and cam in existence from the Ramayana and Mahabharata. In the past the region is called as Kedar Khanda. This is also believed that the Vyasa Gufa where Lord Ganesha has scripted Vedas is here in Mana.

Among all 52 Garhas this was the strongest Garh. In the 8th Sept 1803 there was an earthquake that weakened the economic and administrative strength of Garhwal. Gorkha taken advantage of this situation and attacked to the Garhwal, under the command of Amar Singh Thapa and Hasti Dal Chanturia. From 1804 to 1815 the region was remain under Gorkhas.

With the help of British military the king Sudarshan Shah defected Gorkhas. He merged the eastern part of Mandakini and Alaknanda along with the Srinagar which was capital that time in British Garhwal. The capital was set up to Tehri instead of Srinagar then. Earlier, British ruler kept this area under Saharanpur and Dehradun but later there was a new district established named as Pauri and Chamoli became a tehsil of this district. This tehsil was upgraded to a district in 24th Feb 1960. In Oct 1997 the Rudraprayag has been separated from Chamoli district with two complete tehsil and two other blocks. Now the chamoli district has its district headquarter in Gopeshwar.

Bhekal Taal

Bhekal Taal

Chamoli Tourism

The pilgrimages, hill stations, advantageous sports spots, beautiful river banks and amazing climatic conditions makes the Chamoli as world famous and a favorite tourist destination for travelers throughout the year. The pilgrimages are full of spirituality and keep values for the different religions. The hill destinations make Chamoli tourism as perfect for the tourist not only these things but the fabulous climatic conditions make Chamoli tourism as Haven for those who likes the weather of hills.

Narsing Temple Joshimath

Narsing Temple Joshimath

Temples in Chamoli

  • Badrinath
  • Narasingha Temple
  • Hemkund Sahib
  • Uma Devi Temple
  • Bhavishya Badri
  • Adi Badri
  • Gopinath Temple
  • Rudranath Temple
  • Yogdhyan Badri Temple
Bedni Bugyal

Bedni Bugyal

Places to visit in Chamoli District

  • Auli
  • Gopeshwar
  • Vasudhara
  • Valley of Flowers
  • Satopanth Lake
  • Bedni Bugyal
  • Roop Kund
  • Badrinath
  • Tapovan
  • Gwaldam
  • Joshimath
  • Mana Village
  • Kagbhusandi Tal
  • Nanda devi Sanctuary
  • Hemkund Sahib
  • Kuari Pass
  • Rudranath

Fairs and Festivals

The Chamoli district is fills of with the Hindu population mostly so the fairs and festivals of Chamoli district are as per the Hindus. All festivals are played here with the full of joy and these been a part of people of Chamoli. Ram Navami, Naag Panchmi, Raksha Bandhan, Janmashtami, Dussehra, Diwali, Makar Sankranti, Shivaratri and Holi are some famous festivals of Chamoli.

Nanda Devi Raj Jat is the most famous and spiritual fair of Chamoli and every year lots of followers join this event and the Nanda Devi Raj Jat yatra which is originated from Nanda Devi Raj Jat.

How to Reach

By Air
The nearest domestic airport from Chamoli is Jolly Grant Airport at Dehradun. The Airport is about 227 KMs from the district. Nearest International airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport at Delhi.

By Train
Rishikesh (about 207 Kms), Kotdwar (about 237 Kms) and Haridwar (242 Kms) are some nearest railway stations from Chamoli district. One can easily pick taxies or buses from these railway station to the Chamoli.

By Road
Chamoli is well connected with all districts and cities of Uttarakhand and other places of India. State transportation’s and local transportation’s are easily available and can be availed to visit Chamoli.

Other Information about Chamoli

  • Area : 8030 Sq KM
  • Altitude : 3133 m
  • Population : 391,114 (2011)
  • Literacy : 83.84% (2011)
  • Headquarters : Gopeshwar
  • Temperature in Summer : 30°C(max); 15°C(min)
  • Temperature in Winter : 24°C(max); 0°C(min)
  • Languages : Hindi and English
  • Dialects: Garhwali, Kumauni, Pahadi, Bhotia
  • STD Code: 01372
  • Pin code: 246401

Kutch: A Melting Pot of Tribal Cultures in a Barren Marshland

rann of kutch

Rann of Kutch

The largest Gujarati district, Kutch is like no other region of India and mostly a desert area. The emptiness in the landscape is made up by the rich myriad of tribal communities- each proud of its individual language and lifestyle yet forming an intriguing and flourishing tribal collage unique to this region of India.

History of Kutch

Just like the present day Kutch’s tapestry of cultures, the past of this tribal district is dotted with reigns under various dynasties, kingdoms and foreign settlers. These deserted places have revealed traces of the earliest Indus Valley Civilization, with the eastern tributary of the Indus River leading to the present day lake Rann. There are records of Mauryan empire wanting seize this district from the Greeks. The other reigning kingdoms include Sahiras of Sindu and much later the Samma Rajputs,

Tourism in Kutch

Narendra Modi with Jawans at border areas of Kutch

Narendra Modi with Jawans at border areas of Kutch

Tours in Kutch are usually in time for a tribal celebration as festivals are held almost every month. From the Jat Muslim festival, Mai Bhambi in the Mai village in February, to the Ahir festival, Habaimata in the Habai village in October, visitors can enjoy the insight to these vibrant tribes and cultures. Kutch is famous for the indigenous handicraft and their amazingly decorated mud walls are mini art galleries lining the village streets.

Historic Sites

The administrative city Bhujis Tourism spot with historical significance. A fortress city during the reign the Indian kingdoms and seized by the British in 1819. The three royal palaces constructed by Rao Pragmalji, have marvellous architecture such as the Aaina Mahal known to be a most exquisite monument with its artistic qualities that shows European influence. The Kutch Museum was previously called Fergusson Museum, constructed in 1877 by Maharao Khengarji III. Built in Italian style and standing tall along the Hamirsar Lake’s banks, it is home to treasure chest of collection of the Kshatrapa inscriptions, varying archaeological artifacts and specimens of the traditional rich crafts of the Kutch district.

To step back into the times of Indus valley civilization, the ancient town of Dholavira the perfect travel destination to tour the excavation sites of the great Harappan ruins.

Beach Tours

Narendra Modi with Jawans at border areas of Kutch

Narendra Modi with Jawans at border areas of Kutch

Scenic Kutch Mandvi beach is ideal for swimming with the backdrop of beautiful sunsets and long peaceful walks in the soft white sand. There are wind mills nearby, camel and horse rides, and shopping galore in this historic town. Ahmedpur Mandvi Beach is a magnet for water sports lovers as there are a variety of aquatic sports such as water scooting, parasailing, surfing and speed boat trips to give the adrenalin seekers a thumping good time With exciting tours for fans of history, culture and water sports, the travel itinerary for Kutch has something for any adventure seeking traveller.

Facts:

  • Area (square kilometers) -2873.5 Sq. km.
  • Population -1,526,321.
  • Elevation -300m.
  • Geographical Location (coordinates)-23.13°-24.68°N and 68.10°-71.80°E.
  • Climate-Tropical.
  • Primary Rainy season-July to September.
  • Temperatures -From 20 C in winter to 45 C in summer.
  • Languages-Gujarati, Hindi, and local dialects- Kutchi and Sindhi.
  • Best Season-Late October to early April.
  • Places to visit- Bhuj, Prag Mahal, Cenotaphs of Kutch rulers, Snake Temple at Bhujiyo Hill Fort, Swami Narayan Temple, Dholavira, Ahmedpur Mandvi Beach, Kutch Mandvi Beach, Wild Ass Sanctuary.

Ghats on River Ganges in Varanasi

Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

Tour to India cannot be complete without a visit to the holy city Varanasi – city of temples and Ghats.

Varanasi is situated on the banks of the river Ganges (most sacred river in India & Gomukh is the origin of Ganga which is situated 18 km from Gangotri Dham ) and it has been a cultural and religious center of India for several thousands of years. This city has been regarded as a holy city for both Buddhists and Jains, but it has been even more important for Hindus – for them, Varanasi is the holiest place on the Earth.

History of Varanasi

Varanasi is considered as one of the oldest inhabited areas on the world, and the oldest in India. The legend says that the city was founded by Lord Shiva itself, some five thousand years ago (although historians believe that the city is probably three thousand years old). This is the reason why the city is the most important pilgrimage site for Hindus. There is no Hindu script that does not mention Varanasi. It was the cultural and commercial center of the Kashi Kingdom and its capital during the life of Gautama Buddha The city was famous for its fabrics, especially muslin and silk, Varanasi saris (regional type of saris made of silk), ivory products and perfumes. During 18th century Kingdom of Kashi was independent but then it came under the rule of British Empire. Today, Varanasi is a part of Uttar Pradesh.

Varanasi Ghats

Every year, more than one million Pilgrims and devotees of all major religions in India together with tourists from all over the world visit Varanasi.

varanasi ghats

Varanasi Ghat

Being founded by Lord Shiva, Varanasi is one of the most sacred Pilgrimage sites in Hinduism. Devotees believe that bathing in the waters of Ganges can wash away all past sins. People who die in Varanasi liberate their soul, achieve Moksha (final release) and stop the cycle of reincarnation.

For Buddhists, Varanasi stands next to Kushinagar, Bodh Gaya and Lumbini, Pilgrimage sites being designated by Buddha.

For Jains, Varanasi is also important Pilgrimage site, as they believe it is a birth place of Parshvanatha, the twenty-third Tirthankar (holy man, propagator, who achieved enlightenment and became a teacher for those needing spiritual guidance).

There are more than 100 Ghats in Varanasi – some of them are very old, dating back to prehistoric times, connected with many myths and legends, and some of them are new. Most of them are for bathing, but there are also a number of them for cremation.

Dasaswamedh Ghat (The Ghat of Ten Sacrificed Horses) is the main Ghat in the Holy City. It is believed that on this place, Lord Brahma sacrificed ten horses in order for Lord Shiva to return from its banishment.

Man Mandir Ghat, built by Maharaja of Jaipur houses the observatory Jantar Mantar. Maharaja was interested in science and technology. He sent a group of scientist of that time to study foreign observatories and come up with a design for Jantar Mantar. Some of the original instruments from that time are still accurate and in use.

Manikarnika Ghat is a very old Ghat, in line with Dasaswamedh Ghat. It is the main cremation site, the symbol of destruction and creation at the same time.

The best way for tourists to experience Varanasi would be on a boat cruise along Ganges, in the early morning or after sunset. In the morning, they can observe people offering morning prayers and water to the God Surya (Sun). In the evening they can watch Puja performed by the group of priests lifting lighted chandeliers in the honour of the River, Fire, Lord Shiva and the whole Universe. Plan your Varanasi tour during festivals season (from September to December) and enjoy the buzzing ghats, riches of colours and beautiful music in this mesmerizing city.